When directed toward God we translate it "to say something commendatory, speak well of, praise, extol. Simeon's prophetic hymn is called the Nunc Dimittis , after the first two words of the prophecy in Latin. The Greek noun is despostes from which we get our English word "despot" , "one who has legal control and authority over persons, such as subjects or slaves, lord, master. In the prophetic praise that follows, the child Jesus is equated with "your salvation" in verse It is not accidental that Jesus' name, in Hebrew Yeshua a form of the name "Joshua" , means literally, "salvation. It is remarkable that Simeon sees Jesus' salvation as extending to all people -- Gentiles and Jews alike.
This is the same message the angel spoke to the shepherds on Christmas night: "I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people" The concept of the Messiah and Israel being "a light for the Gentiles" was first developed by the Prophet Isaiah Isaiah ; ; , especially in Isaiah Notice how Joseph is referred to as the child's father in This is not intended to refute the virgin birth related chapter 1, but reflects the way Joseph would have been understood by society in relation to Jesus.
Simeon now blesses the Holy Family. In verse 34 we see the Greek verb eulogeo that appeared in verse 28 as "to praise, extol. Simeon recognizes Jesus as the Messiah, but so does an year-old woman, a pious fixture in the Woman's Court of the Temple. Can't you see her? An old lady, a widow for many, many years, with nothing to do but to worship.
And so she does. She practically lives in the Women's Court of the Temple, day and night. And she is a prophetess, a female prophet. We don't hear the words of her prophecy, but it seems, like Simeon's, to consist of 1 inspired thanksgiving and 2 speaking about the child to other believing people who are present.
Both of the verbs here employ the Greek imperfect tense, indicating continued action in the past -- that is, she kept on thanking God and telling people. The word translated "gave thanks" is anthomologeomai , which indicates to publicly express praise or thanks. Notice that she doesn't speak about Jesus to everyone, but particularly to those in the Temple whom she knew also looked forward to Greek prosdechomai the redemption of Jerusalem.
The word "redemption" Greek lutrosis seems a curious one in this context. The Greek word is often used in a commercial sense as "redemption of something for a price. Like Simeon, who looks forward to the "consolation" or comfort of Jerusalem, Anna looks forward to the time when Jerusalem will once again be free from Roman oppression. Prayer Father, our culture warns us that we can be so heavenly-minded that we will be no earthly good. And too often we believe our culture rather than God. Forgive us for our callousness towards you.
Put afresh in our hearts a desire to live righteous, holy, and praise-filled lives before you.
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In Jesus' name, we pray. Key Verse "Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord's Christ. Questions All lessons now compiled as a page e-book and paperback. In what ways do Mary's and Joseph's consecration of Jesus set an example for us? If Simeon and Anna had never seen the Messiah, in what ways might their lives have been important?
In what might your life be important to God? What did Simeon's and Anna's righteousness, devotion, and praise have to do with their sensitivity to the Holy Spirit's voice?
What are some of the reasons that we can't hear God? What place do praise and thanksgiving have in Simeon's and Anna's lives? What does this say about them? How do we nurture these in our lives? Why does our culture see long periods spent in prayer as wasted? How did Anna see it? What expectations do Simeon and Anna have of the Messiah's salvation?source
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What does this have to do with Jerusalem? With the Gentiles? With Jesus' own life? What kind s of salvation does Jesus offer today? References Common Abbreviations www. A single copy of this article is free. Do not put this on a website.
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And there has never been a king like him since. And I will reject my chosen city of Jerusalem and the Temple where my name was to be honored. King Josiah and his army marched out to fight him, [ i ] but King Neco [ j ] killed him when they met at Megiddo. His mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah. He also demanded that Judah pay 7, pounds of silver and 75 pounds of gold [ l ] as tribute.
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Jehoahaz was taken to Egypt as a prisoner, where he died. His mother was Zebidah, the daughter of Pedaiah from Rumah. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus.
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Footnotes: Hebrew did not come up to.